Camels and Camelids

USE OF BLOOD ANALYTES IN ASSESSMENT OF STRESS DUE TO DROUGHT IN CAMEL

Journal Edition: December 2004
Article DOI:
Published On: 13-12-2018 06:23

N. Kataria and A.K. Kataria*
Radioisotope Laboratory, Department of Veterinary Physiology,
College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner 334001, INDIA
*Apex Centre for Animal Disease Investigation Monitoring and Surveillance, C.V.A.S., Bikaner 334001, INDIA

ABSTRACT

A study was carried out to assess the stress due to drought in dromedaries on the basis of variations in the values of some blood analytes. The animals screened belonged to farmers’ stock. The serum analytes included cortisol, aldosterone, sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium, phosphorus, proteins, urea, creatinine and vitamin A. The haematological analytes included red blood cell and white blood cell indices. The mean values of serum cortisol and aldosterone were significantly (p ≤ 0.05) higher in camels belonging to drought affected areas than those of other areas. The drought affected camels had lowered eosinophil and lymphocyte counts and haemoglobin concentration. Mean serum vitamin A level and total proteins were non-significantly (p ≥ 0.05 ) lower in animals of drought affected areas. The animals did not reveal any occult bacterial infection in blood smears. The affected animals did not show apparent changes in the physical health except pica in few cases.
Key words : Aldosterone, blood analytes, cortisol, dromedaries, drought and stress