Camels and Camelids


Journal Edition: December 2003
Article DOI:
Published On: 13-12-2018 06:54

N. Kataria, A.K. Kataria1, V.K. Agarwal2, S.L. Garg2 and M.S. Sahani3
Department of Veterinary Physiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner 334001, India
1Incharge, Apex Centre, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner (India)
2College of Veterinary Sciences, CCS HAU, Hisar (India)
3National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner (India)


The changes in body fluid compartments were studied in eight female dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) during dehydration and rehydration in summer and winter seasons. The mean values of all the body fluid compartments viz. total body water (TBW), plasma volume (PV), blood volume (BV), red cell volume (RCV), extracellular fluid volume (ECF), intracellular fluid volume (ICF) and interstitial fluid (ISF)volume were non significantly (p > 0.05) higher during summer than winter control. The mean values of body fluid compartments in litres decreased during dehydration in winter and summer. The percent decline was higher during summer dehydration. During dehydration the percent change was from control values and during rehydration it was from dehydrated values. During winter the percent decline was maximum in ICF volume on day 6 and then on day 12 onwards it was maximum in ISF volume. Immediately after rehydration the percent recoveries were comparatively higher in PV, BV and RCV. It was minimum in ICF. During summer on days 4 and 8 of dehydration the percent declines in ICF and ISF volumes were almost equal and maximum. On day 12 the percent decline was maximum in ISF volume. Immediately after drinking water in summer the percent recoveries were found higher for PV, BV and RCV.
Key words: Body fluid compartments, dehydration, dromedary camels, rehydration, summer and winter