Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Mazandaran, Amol, Iran
The goals of this study were to isolate Candida flora from healthy female dromedary camel's genitalia and to determine the prevalence of different Candida species based on mate and age conditions. The specimens were collected from various sites of genital tract including vestibule, vagina, cervix, uterine body and uterine horns of 40 camels. These were grown on Sabouraud dextrose agar and incubated at 30°C for 7-10 days. A total of 332 Candida yeasts were obtained from the genital tract. Candida zeylanoides (27.7%) was the most prevalent Candida species, followed by C. tropicalis (19%), C. krusei (14.2%), C. albicans (12.6%) and C. rugosa (12.1%). The mean number of Candida isolates found in the vestibule (40.9%) was significantly higher than the results obtained from other parts (P<0.05). In addition, the mean value of CFUs from unmated females (68.3%) was significantly higher than mated females (P<0.05). The results showed that C. zeylanoides was a common component of healthy female dromedary camels' genitalia and the number of Candida species varied between mated and unmated females.
Key words: Camel, Candida flora, Candida zeylanoides, genital tract