PREVALENCE OF Toxoplasma gondii ANTIBODIES IN CAMELS AND THEIR HERDERS IN THREE ECOLOGICALLY DIFFERENT AREAS IN SUDAN
Journal Year: 2007
Journal Month: June
Published On: 11-10-2018 07:00:00
Article DOI:

Khalil M. Khalil1 ; Atif E. Abdel Gadir2, Mubarak M. Abdel Rahman3, Yassir, O. Mohammed4,Aziz A. Ahmed5 and Intisar E. Elrayah3*
1Commission for Biotechnology & Genetic Engineering, Khartoum P.O. Box 2404, Sudan2 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum 3 Tropical Medicine Research Institute -P.O.Box 1304-Khartoum – Sudan,
3*Corresponding Author 4Department of Tsetse and Trypanosomosis Control, Central Veterinary Research Laboratory,
5Faculty of Science – University of Khartoum – P.O. Box 321-Sudan.
ABSTRACT


A total of 153 serum samples from dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) and 45 serum samples from their drivers and herders from Butana plains, North Kordofan, and South Kordofan were tested for Toxoplasma gondii antibodies by the Latex Agglutination Test (LAT). The sero-prevalence rate among camels and camel herders was 22.2% and 53.3%, respectively using LAT. There was a relationship between prevalence rate in camel and their herders in Butana plains (P<0.05) but no significant relationship was found between age in camel herders and sero-reactivity (P>0.05). The study suggests the wide spread of infection of T. gondii among camel drivers who consume camelid unboiled milk and raw liver which was important from public health view point.
Key words: Antibodies, latex agglutination test (LAT), one-humped camels, Sudan, Toxoplasma gondii


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