POST-TRAUMATIC BUCCAL INFECTION AND OSTEOMYELITIS ASSOCIATED WITH MANDIBULAR FRACTURES IN THE DROMEDARY CAMEL
Journal Year: 2003
Journal Month: June
Published On: 01-12-2018 06:54:00
Article DOI:

A.M. Al-Dughaym, R.O. Ramadan1, G.E. Mohamed1, A. Fadlelmula and M.R. Abdin-Bey1
Department of Microbiology and Parasitology, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources,
King Faisal University, P.O. Box 1757, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia
1Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources,King Faisal University, P.O. Box 1757, Al-Ahsa 31982, Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

Fifty nine camels with mandibular fractures were studied clinically, radiologically and microbiologically. It was demonstrated that males were more affected than females with an average age of 7 years. Unilateral and bilateral fractures with wounds and pus formation were diagnosed clinically and radiographically. Microbiological examination revealed Proteus mirabilis to be the most frequent isolate from injured sites followed by Prot. vulgaris, Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis, Arcanobacterium pyogenes, Micrococcus spp. and Staphylococcus aureus together with other species. Of the fungi, Candida krusei, Cryptococcus laurentii and Aspergillus penicillioides were isolated.
From the buccal cavity of twenty-one normal camels, Micrococcus spp. was the predominant isolate followed by other bacterial and fungal species. Antibiogram studies of some of the isolates, showed varying degrees of susceptibility. The significance and implications of the isolates on post-traumatic osteomyelities was
discussed.
Key words : Buccal normal flora, camel, dromedary, mandibular fractures, osteomyelitis, Saudi Arabia


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