Journal Month: December
Published On: 11-10-2018 07:06:00
R.K. Al-Rukibat1, M.B. Al-Zghoul2 and Z.A. Bani Ismail3
Department of Veterinary Pathology and Animal Health1, Department of Veterinary Basic Medical Sciences2,
Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences3, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Jordan University of Science and
Technology, Irbid 22110, JORDAN
Present study was carried out to determine the protein and cellular composition of synovial fluid in clinically normal radiocarpal joints in young camels (Camelus dromedarius). Bilateral arthrocentesis of the radiocarpal joints was performed and synovial fluid’s total nucleated cell counts, absolute and percentages of polymorphnuclear leukocytes, lymphocytes, monocytes/macrophages and total protein concentration were determined. The mean ± SD and range of total nucleated cell counts were 80 to 2300 cells/μl (600 ± 500 cells/μl). Mononuclear leukocytes were the predominant cell type with lymphocytes, composing 0-90% (60 ± 25 cells/μl). The total protein concentration ranged from 1 to 3 g/dl (2 ± 1 g/dl). Statistically, there were no significant differences between the synovial fluid cellular and protein contents of right and left radiocarpal joints. These values are helpful in determining the health status of the radiocarpal joints in clinically lame animals.
Key words: Camel, differential leukocytes count, protein, radiocarpal joint, synovial fluid, total nucleated cell counts