PERCUTANEOUS ULTRASOUND-GUIDED PORTOCENTESIS IN CAMELS (Camelus dromedarius)
Journal Year: 2012
Journal Month: December
Published On: 03-09-2018 19:11:00
Article DOI:

Mohamed Tharwat1,*, Fahd Al-Sobayil1, Ahmed Ali1, Thomas Wittek2 and Martina Floeck2
1Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
*Dr Tharwat’s permanent address: Department of Animal Medicine, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,
Zagazig University, Zagazig, Egypt
2Clinic for Ruminants, Department for Farm Animals and Veterinary Public Health, University of Veterinary Medicine, Vienna, Austria

ABSTRACT

This report describes the adaptation of ultrasound-guided portocentesis technique in 15 adult healthy camels (Camelus dromedarius) for portal vein blood collection. A second objective of the study was to compare haematological and biochemical constituents between portal vein blood (PB) and jugular vein blood (JB). The liver could be visualised in an area between the 11th to 5th intercostal space (ICS) on the right side. The portal vein (PV) was visible in the 11th, 10th and 9th ICS. The centesis of the portal vein was successfully performed in all animals. The PV was round in cross sectional view; additionally, the PV was characterised by the typical stellate ramification at the portal fissure and therefore, it could be differentiated from other hepatic veins in this region. Compared to the wall of the PV, the walls of the hepatic vein appeared less echogenic. The majority of the measured haematological and biochemical parameters differed significantly between PB and JB.
Key words: Camel, dromedary, portal blood, portocentesis, ultrasonography


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