Journal Month: June
Published On: 11-10-2018 07:00:00
M.B. Chhabra1 and K.L. Khurana2
Department of Veterinary Parasitology, College of Veterinary Sciences,
CCS Haryana Agricultural University, Hisar – 125004, India
1Professor & Head (Retd), 2518, Sector, D-2, Vasant Kunj, New Delhi – 110 070
2Director, Animal Husbandry, Govt. of NCT of Delhi, Room No. 101, Old Secretariat, Delhi 110 054, INDIA.
Ectoparasites of camels and the injury and disease associated with them are more prevalent and more serious than is commonly realised. Through widespread distress and morbidity, and through their role as vectors of disease, they impact the economy of camel-rearing in diverse ways. Sarcoptic mange is a serious debilitating and dreaded disease throughout the camel world. It is known to predispose affected camels to other infections and is a good measure of herd health. Camel ticks notably Hyalomma dromedarii characteristically cause heavy infestations. Acaricidal control agents presently in use are not wholly satisfactory. Biting flies transmit the most important disease of surra apart from being a serious menace due to their blood sucking and annoyance. Myiasis–causing flies are widespread and readily infect wounds. The larvae of camel nasal bot Cephalopina titillator are highly prevalent obligatory parasites which can undermine the well-being of animals. The recent literature on these entities has been reviewed with the objective to focus attention and to stimulate enhanced reportage. The need to evolve camel-specific control strategies has been discussed.
Key words: Camels, dromedaries, ectoparasites, ectoparasitoses, parasitic diseases