Journal Month: December
Published On: 11-10-2018 07:06:00
Gorakh Mal, D. Suchitra Sena and M.S. Sahani
National Research Centre on Camel, P.B.07, Bikaner-334001, Rajasthan, INDIA
Daily milk production in 5 lactating camels each of Bikaneri, Jaisalmeri and Kachchhi breeds belonging to first, second and third parity was studied. Milk yield was recorded daily at 12h intervals by 2 different milking techniques, viz. 4-teat stripping and 2-teat stripping of one side and allowing the calf to suckle the other 2-teats. The average daily milk production by 4-teat and 2-teat stripping were 2.80±0.17 and 3.98±0.32 l/day in Bikaneri, 2.60±0.17 and 3.90±0.34 l/day in Jaisalmeri and 3.04±0.17 and 4.12±0.35 l/day in Kachchhi, respectively. The effect of breed was significant (p<0.05) for total milk production in 4-teat stripping. The effect of parity was also significant (p<0.01) for total production under both the milking techniques. The month-wise daily milk production under both the techniques indicated significant (p<0.01) variation. Keeping quality was studied in 50 fresh camel milk samples comprising of pure and milk diluted with water (1:1) kept at room temperature (29±3°C); pure and diluted (1:1) milk stored at 4°C. The parameters studied at 2h intervals were acidity, clot on boiling (COB) test, alcohol test, alizarin-alcohol test and pH. The study indicated that pure and diluted (1:1) milk at room temperature could be stored for 8 and 10h, respectively, while pure and diluted (1:1) milk at 4°C can be stored for 20 and 28 days, respectively.
Key words: Camels, keeping quality, milk production potential