CLINICAL EVALUATION OF KETAMINE WITH ROMIFIDINE AND DIAZEPAM, FOR TOTAL INTRAVENOUS ANAESTHESIA (TIVA) IN DROMEDARY CAMEL
Journal Year: 2012
Journal Month: December
Published On: 03-09-2018 19:11:00
Article DOI:

A.I. Almubarak
College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources, Camel Research Centre
King Faisal University, Al-Hassa, Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

In this study a safe anaesthetic combination of ketamine-romifidine-diazepam required to efficiently maintain anaesthesia by constant rate infusion (CRI) in 8 camels undergoing various clinical surgery was evaluated. All patient were premedicated with romifidine at 60 μg kg-1 administered intravenously (IV). Anaesthesia was induced with IV ketamine 0.8 mg kg-1 and diazepam 0.1 mg kg-1. Anaesthesia was maintained with CRI of ketamine 3.2 mg kg-1 hour-1, diazepam 0.3 mg kg-1 hour-1, and romifidine 180 μg kg-1 hour-1. Mean anaesthetic time was 63.8 ± 19.2 minutes, and recovery time was 38.3 ± 6.1 minutes. Changes in heart rate, blood pressure and respiratory rate were evaluated. The quality of anaesthesia was regarded as good and adequate for the surgical procedures in all studied cases.
Key words: Anaesthesia, camel, diazepam, ketamine, romifidine, TIVA


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