Camels and Camelids

ANTIBACTERIAL PROPERTIES OF Ocimum sanctum, Moringa oleifera AND Murraya koenigii LEAF EXTRACTS AGAINST Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis ISOLATED FROM CAMEL(Camelus dromedarius)

Journal Edition: August 2022
Article DOI: 10.5958/2277-8934.2022.00018.2
Published On: 13-07-2022 15:47

Jeeshan Nabi1, Amita Ranjan1, Pratishtha Sharma1, Rakesh Ranjan2, Neetu Pareek2 andDinesh Harsh2
1Department of Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology, College of Veterinary and
Animal Science, Rajasthan University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Bikaner-334001, Rajasthan, India
2ICAR-National Research Centre on Camel Bikaner-334001, Rajasthan, India

In the present study, antibacterial properties of methanolic and chloroform extracts of Ocimum sanctum, Moringa oleifera and Murraya koenigii leaves against Corynebacterium pseudotuberculosis (CPs) isolated from abscess in dromedary camel were screened using agar well diffusion assay and minimum bactericidal concentration (MBC) were determined using broth microdilution technique. MBC of selected plant extracts varied from 3.125 to 12.5 mg/ml. Chloroform extracts of Ocimum sanctum and Murraya koenigii had highest antibacterial properties; while it was lowest in methanolic extract of Moringa oleifera and Murraya koenigii leaves.
Key words: Antimicrobial, Camel, Corynebacterium, Moringa, Murraya, Ocimum