Ilse Köhler-Rollefson
Ilse Köhler-Rollefson


[email protected], [email protected]






Pragelatostr. 20, 64372 Ober-Ramstadt, GERMANY

Tel./Fax +49-6154-53642; 3575

e-mail [email protected], [email protected]



c/o Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan (LPPS)

P.O. Box 1 Sadri 306702 District Pali Rajasthan

Mobile 9829477535






Study of veterinary medicine at the Veterinary College Hannover and the Free University in Berlin. State Examination in veterinary medicine. (“Tierärztliches Staatsexamen”).


Doctoral degree at the Institute of Zoology, Veterinary College Hannover. Title of the Dissertation: "On the domestication of the camel"


Habilitation in “History of Veterinary Medicine” at LMU University, Munich.

Title of the Thesis: “Camel culture and camel husbandry among the

Raika in India: a contribution to the comparative study of human-animal relationships.”



Research Associate at the Centre for Jordanian Studies, Yarmouk University, Irbid, Jordan.


Adjunct Professor, Department of Anthropology, San Diego State University, San Diego, USA.



Reintegration Fellowship for Women at the Institute of Zoology, TH Darmstadt. (Prof. Dr. Kinzelbach)



Feodor von Lynen Fellowship of the Alexander v. Humboldt Foundation for research at the J.N.V. University at Jodhpur, India.



“Habilitationsstipendium” of the German Research Council (Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft)



Two lectures on “Animal domestication in the Near East” and on “Camel domestication” at a National Endowment of the Humanities Seminar for college teachers at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia (USA).


"Introduction to Archaeozoology". Course for anthropology students at                                                                                                                      San Diego State University, U.S.A.


“The ecology of camel pastoralism in Eastern Sudan”. Seminar held at the Department of Anthropology, University of California, Riverside.

WS 93/94

“Pastoral nomadism in South Asia”. Course held at the Institute of Ethnology, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University”. (“Lehrauftrag”)

WS 93/94

“Animal domestication”. Course held at the Zoology Institute of the Technical University Darmstadt. (“Lehrauftrag”)

SS 94

“The Raikas, a pastoral caste of Western India”. Course held at the Institute of Ethnology, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University: “ (“Lehrauftrag”)



DAAD-Dissertation Grant for research in Jordan and Jerusalem.


Postdoctoral fellowship of the German Oriental Society (funded by the Stiftung Volkswagenwerk) for 12 months of research on Bedouin animal husbandry in Jordan.


Grant of the Wenner-Gren Foundation for Anthropological Research for research on the origin of nomadic animal husbandry systems through a study of semi-nomadic Huweitat Bedouins in Jordan.


Grant of the L.S.B. Leakey Foundation for identification of the small mammal fauna from Ain Ghazal at the British Museum of Natural History, London.


Grant of the A.N. Lindley Foundation for a pilot study of camel production among the Rashaida in East Sudan.



"Scholarly Development Fellowship" of the American Institute of Indian Studies for research about "Camel husbandry in India: Socioeconomic context and management practices", conducted in affiliation with the National Research Centre on Camel, Bikaner, India.


Research Grant of the National Geographic Society for a comparative study of camel utilization by Sindhi Muslims und Hindu Raikas in Rajasthan, India.


Research Grant of the Alexander v. Humboldt-Foundation for a

documentation on the Raika caste (in cooperation with Dr. Arun Srivastava, Jodhpur University



  • Ecologically and socially sustainable livestock development, especially in marginal areas (pastoral development)
  • Holistic biodiversity management
  • Project conceptualization, design, and development
  • Gender studies
  • Animal genetic resources and community-based breeding management
  • Policy Development for livestock and natural resource management
  • Bio-enterprise and value chain development for pastoralists
  • Indigenous Knowledge (IK), esp. of livestock keepers
  • Advocacy for pastoralists and marginal groups
  • Animal health services (including ethnoveterinary and paraveterinary approaches)
  • GO-NGO Interaction

I have undertaken numerous consultancies, including for World Bank, GTZ/GIZ, Misereor, FAO, ILRI, Natural Resources International (NRI), German Forum for Environment and Development, EED, League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock development (LPP), and others, on a variety of issues relating to participatory livestock development with a special emphasis on breeding, sustainable natural resource management, and gender. As co-proprietor of Camel Charisma Pvt. Ltd, a

social enterprise aimed at adding value to camel raw materials, I have a wealth of practical experience in niche market development for pastoralists.

As co-founder and projects coordinator of the League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock development (LPP), I have developed a large number of successful project proposals funded by Misereor, GTZ, FAO, Rockefeller Foundation, Dutch Biodiversity Fund, Swedbio, The Christensen Fund, Ford Foundation, Winrock, Swiss Development Cooperation, Fondation d’Entreprise Hermès, Swissaid, Bread for the World, and others.



Co-organiser, LIFE Network Seminar “Towards Green and Equitable Livestock Development in India. 13th April, 2013 in Hyderabad


Organiser of LIFE Network side-event at the COP 11 of the CBD, held in Hyderabad, India


Organiser of International “Livestock Futures” Conference held in Bonn (Germany on 6th/7th September)


Organiser of side-event at COP 8 of UNCCD in Madrid on” The Role of Pastoralists in Conserving Biodiversity”, on 10th September.


Organiser of side-event “Everything you always wanted to know about Livestock Keepers’ Rights”, during International Conference on Animal Genetic Resources in Interlaken, Switzerland, on 5th September.


Organiser of side-event at CGRFA 11 (Commission on Genetic Resources for

Food and Agriculture) held at FAO in Rome on Diverse Livestock for Rural Development and Poverty Alleviation, 14 June



Co-organiser (with H.S. Rathore), International Workshop on Livestock Keepers and the Management of Animal Genetic Resources: Roles, Rights, and Responsibilities, held in Rajasthan/India from 26-28 February, 2007. Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan and LIFE-Network. Funded by Ford Foundation, HIVOS, WISP.


Convenor and Organiser, International Workshop on Livestock biodiversity, indigenous knowledge and intellectual property rights, held at the Rockefeller Foundation’s Conference Centre in Bellagio (Italy) from 27 March-2 April.

Funded by Rockefeller Foundation.


Co-organiser (with Evelyn Mathias and H.S. Rathore) Training Course on People-Centered Livestock Development, held in Rajasthan/India from 13-19 March, 2005. Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan and League for Pastoral Peoples (Misereor)


Co-organiser (with H.S. Rathore) International Conference: “Saving the Camel and Peoples’ Livelihoods: Building a Multi-Stakeholder Platform for the Conservation of the Camel in India”, held in Rajasthan/India. 23-25 November, 2004 (Ford Foundation, Misereor, FAO)


Co-organiser (with J. Wanyama) International Meeting of indigenous livestock breeding communities on animal genetic resources, held in Karen (Kenya), 27- 30 October. League for Pastoral Peoples and ITDG-EA. (EED, Misereor, CTA)


Co-organiser (with H.S. Rathore) Asian level workshop ”Farm animal genetic resources from the perspective of rural communities”, held in Rajasthan/India from 12-16 October with Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan (GTZ, FAO).


Course-Designer, Workshop on Sustainable Animal Management for NGOs, 25- 27 February, 2003 in Dineshpur, Bangladesh. Caritas. (Misereor)


Co-organiser (with H.S. Rathore) All-India Meeting of Pastoralists and Herders Organisations, 23-24 March. (Swiss Agency for International Development and Winrock International)


Co-organiser (with S. Gura) Side-events on animal genetic resources with developing country representatives and pastoralists at the World Food Summit in Rome (June, 2002), and the Session of the Commission on Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (CGRFA) at the FAO in October 2002 (German Forum on Environment and Development and League for Pastoral Peoples)



Health, with special focus on Ethno-veterinary medicine. Rajasthan/India, 13-15 March. (Bread for the World)


Organiser, International workshop on traditional camel medicine to produce a field manual on camel diseases, held in conjunction with the International Conference on Ethnoveterinary Medicine in Pune, India from 4-6 November,

              1997 (Misereor and CTA).                                                                                       




Beyond breeds: the key role of locally adapted animal genetic resources for a green livestock economy. Paper presented at National Conference on Native Livestock Breeds for the Future of Mankind, organized by Vechur Conservation Trust and National Biodiversity Authority on 7.8 July in Hosana Mount, Bharanangnam, Pala, Kottayam, Kerala.


Leveraging the potential of livestock for dryland development: why a paradigm shift is needed. Keynote paper presented at International Conference on Nurturing Arid Zones for people and the environment: issues and agenda for the 21st century held at CAZRI, Jodhpur, November 24-28.


Livestock Keepers‘ Rights: Origin, meaning and implications. Invited Paper at National Conference for Animal Husbandry Bureaucrats held in Beijing, November 20th.


Supporting Animal Breeding through a Code of Conduct on Livestock Keepers Rights. IFOAM Conference on Organic Animal and Plant Breeding held in Santa Fe (New Mexico) from 25-29 August


Panelist, Panel discussion on the sustainable management of agricultural biodiversity organized by the Nordic Council of Ministers, Commission Sustainable Development (CSD) at UN-headquarters in New York, 13 May.


Livestock Keepers’ Rights. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Indian Society for Domestic Diversity, held at Karnal, India


Paper on Livestock Keepers’ Rights. 9th Symposio ibero-americano sobre conservacion y utilisacion des recursos zoogeneticos at Mar del Plata (Argentina)


Background and Rationale for Livestock Keepers’ Rights at Workshop on “Rights over Animal Genetic Resources” held at World Trade Institute in Bern


Livestock Farming with Nature. Poster Paper presented at SBSTTA 13 at FAO in Rome, February.


Protected Areas and Livestock Keepers’ Rights. Poster paper during WGPA (CBD Working Group on Protected Areas) at FAO in Rome, February.


Respondent to the lead paper “Dynamics of livestock production systems, the drivers of change and prospects for animal genetic resources” during the Science Forum held at the International Technical Conference on Animal Genetic Resources in Interlaken, Switzerland on 3 September


Local Breeds as Basis for Poverty Alleviation and Rural Development in Developing Countries: The LIFE-Approach. Invited Paper during the IFOAM Conference on Marketing of Organic and Regional Values, held in Schwäbisch-Hall, Germany, 27-28 August.


Reviving Rajasthan’s Camel Husbandry: Experiences from the Field International Camel Conference, held at the College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan Agricultural University in Bikaner(India), 16-17 February.


Concentration in the Poultry Sector, presented at the International Workshop on The Future of Animal Genetic Resources :Under Corporate Control or in the Hands of Farmers and Pastoralists?, held in Bonn, Germany, 16 October,.organised by League for Pastoral Peoples.


Land Degradation and Desertification: Dimensions, Causes, Solutions, Best Practices. International School of Journalism, Berlin, on 16 May.


Livestock Keepers’ Rights und Vielfalt der Nutztierrassen. In: Kommerzielle Nutzung der Biodiversität: Ist ein Interessensausgleich möglich?

Fachtagung, 23. Mai, 2006, GTZ/Eschborn


Supporting livestock keepers through organizational strengthening:

Why services are not enough and we need a “rights-based approach” to livestock development. Paper presented at International Conference on Livestock Services, organised by Chinese Academy of Sciences in Beijing April


Desertifikation – ein aktueller Blick auf die globale Dimension und die Herausforderungen des Problems. Impulsreferat bei der Tagung

Desertifikation – Antworten auf die weltweite Zerstörung von Landesressourcen? Zum Stand der Umsetzung und Engagement der Zivilgesellschaft im Rahmen der internationalen Konvention (NCCD), Forum Umwelt und Entwicklung, am 28.4. in Frankfurt.


Participatory Approaches to Using the Camel in Combating Desertification ( with H.S. Rathore) at the International Conference “Desertification Combat and Food Security: The Added Values of Camel Producers”, organised by CIRAD (France) and the Institute of Desert Flora and Fauna in Ashkabad, held in Ashkabad (Turkmenistan), 19.-22.4.


Pastoral Nomads and their Stake in an International Treaty on Animal Genetic Resources (with Jacob Wanyama and Evelyn Mathias) and The Current Dilemma and Future Perspectives of the Raika in India (with Hanwant Singh

Rathore) at the International Conference DIALOGUE BETWEEN CULTURES AND CIVILISATIONS: PRESENT STATE AND PERSPECTIVES OF NOMADISM IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD, Organized by the Mongolian National University in Ulaan Baatar from August 9-14.


Trends in livestock development and research: issues at stake for indigenous livestock breeding communities. (with Isabella Masinde) Paper presented at the International Meeting of Indigenous Livestock Breeders held in Karen, Kenya, 27-30 October, 2003.


Indigenous knowledge about animal breeding. Paper presented to International Meeting of Indigenous Livestock Breeders held in Karen, Kenya, 27-30 October, 2003


Pastoralists, protected areas and biodiversity conservation in Western India: a case study of the Kumbhalgarh Sanctuary(with H.S. Rathore). Paper presented to the Mobile Indigenous Peoples Workshop during the World Parks Conference held in Durban, South Africa, 6-13 September 2003


Avenues to capitalise on Africa’s Farm Animal Genetic Resources: Safeguarding Livestock Keepers Rights and Pursuing Endogenous Development. Paper presented at the Workshop Generating Benefits through Sustainable Use and Conservation of Farm-Animal Genetic Resources in the SADC-Region. A workshop to explore the legal and regulatory framework held in Maputo, Mozambique, May 20-23, 2003. (GTZ, SADC, FAO)


Significance of pastoral cultures for the sustainable management of livestock biodiversity: A case study of the Raika of Rajasthan (India) Paper presented at the GTZ/BMZ Workshop ‘Indigenous Peoples and Biodiversity’, held in Vilm, 7–11 July 2002.


Keynote Speaker, Community-Based Management of Animal Genetic Resources: A tool for rural development at the International Workshop CBMAnGR: the State of the Art held in Mbabane, Swaziland by GTZ, SACCAR, SADC, FAO and UNDP” on “. 7-11 May, 2001.


Community-based management of animal genetic resources (with A. von Lossau). Paper presented at the Conference on International Agricultural Research for Development (Deutscher Tropentag), October 9-11, University of Bonn.


Domestic Animal Diversity, Local Knowledge and Stockholders Rights ( with Constance McCorkle) presented at the ASA Conference 2000 at SOAS, London: Participating in Development: Approaches to Indigenous Knowledge, 2-5 April, 2000


Implementing the Convention on Biodiversity with Respect to Domestic Animal Diversity and Indigenous Institutions for Managing Livestock Genetic Diversity in Rajasthan (India) (with Hanwant Singh Rathore) at the Workshop on Experiences in Farmers’ Biodiversity Management held in the Biosphere Reserve Schorfheide-Chorin, Germany, 16-18 May, 2000.


LPP’s Initiative for the Participatory Conservation of Indigenous Livestock Breeds: A Concept Note (with Juliane Bräunig) at the Tropentag on 14-15 October 1999 at the Humboldt University, Berlin


Contribution on Solidarity with poor livestock keepers in a panel discussion on Contributions of animal husbandry and fisheries to social security at GTZ Eschborner Fachtage, 22 June, 1999.


Ethics of animal husbandry from a cross-cultural perspective. Paper presented at the Conseil Mondial des Eleveurs, 23-29 August in Lucerne.


The Camel Husbandry Improvement Project in Rajasthan (India): Towards the development of extension services for camel pastoralists. (with H.S. Rathore and R.R. Dewasi). Paper presented at the VIII international Conference of Institutions of Tropical Veterinary Medicine, 25-29 September, Berlin.



Marwar Ratna Award 2014: for saving the camel as Rajasthan’s heritage (together with Hanwant Singh Rathore)

Yver Rocher Foundation: 1. Prize for Woman Environmentalist, 4 February, 2009 for “Raising awareness about the role of pastoralists in biodiversity conservation”

Distinguished Camel Scientist Award. International Camel Conference, 16-17 February, 2007, College of Veterinary and Agricultural Science, Bikaner, India

Rolex Associate Award for Enterprise 2002 for “Saving the Camel and Raika Heritage in Rajasthan, India”.


Member of the guiding group of the Global Agenda of Action for Sustainable Livestock (hosted by Fao)

Member of the core group of the Rain-fed Livestock Network (supported by the Ford Foundation in New-Delhi)

Co-founder, LIFE-Network for community-based management of animal genetic resources Researcher and script-writer for a film about Biocultural protocols

Researcher and Script-writer for a series of 4 films on livestock issues produced by LPP, LPPS, and Moving Images (funded by HIVOS Oxfam-Novib Biodiversity Fund, Ford Foundation and The Christensen Fund)

Contributor of articles to news media, including Tehelka and The Hindu Sunday Supplement; preparation of numerous press releases.

Author, film script, “Keepers of Genes”, produced by Moving Images and League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development. Funded by FAO-Netherlands Partnership Programme.

Founder of the League for Pastoral Peoples (now League for Pastoral Peoples and Endogenous Livestock Development), originally an advocacy and support group for   pastoralists depending on common property resources, now a resource organization for socially and ecologically sustainable livestock development.

Founding Associate Member of WAMIP, the World Association of Mobile Indigenous Peoples.


LIST OF PUBLICATIONS (116 Papers published in Journals of Repute)

Other Publications:


Camels of Kumbhalgarh. A biodiversity treasure. Commissioned by LPPS for project funded by Ford Foundation


Invisible Guardians. The Role of Women in Animal Genetic Resource Management. (in prep., 60+ pages). Author’s contract with FAO.


Biocultural Community Protocols for Livestock Keepers. Commissioned by LPP for FAO-supported project.


Livestock Keepers. Guardians of biodiversity. FAO Animal Production and Health Paper 167. (69 pages)


Background Paper on The Roles of Small-scale Livestock Keepers in the

Conservation and Sustainable Management of Animal Genetic Resources for FAO.


Keepers of Genes. Indian Pastoralists and their Livestock Breeds. Lokhit Pashu-Palak Sansthan/LIFE-Network, Sadri (India) 70 pp Funded by FAO.


Indigenous Breeds, Local Communities. Documenting Animal Breeds and Breeding from a Community Perspective. LPPS, Sadri (India) 66pp. By LPPS/GTZ/FAO


Building an international legal framework on animal genetic resources. Can it help the drylands and food-insecure countries? By Forum Umwelt und Entwicklung/League for Pastoral Peoples


Discussion paper: Endogenous versus Globalized: An Alternative Vision of Livestock Development for the Poor. League for Pastoral Peoples/Misereor


Livestock Keepers’ Rights. Conserving breeds, supporting livelihoods”, July, 2004. Brochure in English and German. By League for Pastoral Peoples


Farm Animal Genetic Resources. Safeguarding National Assets for Food Security and Trade. Summary Publication about four workshops on animal genetic resources held in the SADC Region. By FAO/GTZ/CTA/SADC


Indigenous Knowledge about Animal Breeding, Traditional Communities and the State of the World Report. Information leaflet for participants in the Intergovernmental Technical Working Group on Animal Genetic Resources held at FAO, 31 March-2 April, 2004. By League for Pastoral Peoples


(Editor, with J. Wanyama) The Karen Commitment, Proceedings of a Conference of Indigenous Livestock Breeding Communities. By Forum Umwelt und Entwicklung/League for Pastoral Peoples.


Indigenous Knowledge about Animal breeding and breeds. Information leaflet in English, German, French, Spanish. By GTZ.


Livestock production in the South: sustainable or industrial? Information leaflet. By Forum für Umwelt und Entwicklung, Bonn.


(Editor) Local Livestock Breeds for Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. Towards Community-Based Approaches for Animal genetic Resources Conservation. Proceedings of a Conference/Workshop held on 1-4 November, 2000 und Udaipur/Sadri, Rajasthan, India.


Management of Animal Genetic Resources at Community-level. By GTZ


Die Zukunft der Hirtennomaden: Eine entwicklungspolitische Herausforderung. Broschüre, Liga für Hirtenvölker/BMZ.

Editorial Team