Camels and Camelids

RECTAL PROLAPSE IN DROMEDARY CAMELS

Journal Edition: December 2011
Article DOI:
Published On: 07-09-2018 07:24

M.K. Zabady, T.A. Fouda, M.R. Abdin- Bey and I.M. ElJalii
Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Resources, King Faisal University
Al Hasa, 31982, P.O. Box 1757, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

Thirty camels of 3 different breeds suffering from rectal prolapse were reported. Age, gender, breed and history in addition to the duration of prolapse occurrence were noted. The prolapsed parts were examined for their shape, colour, texture and mucosal condition. All cases were classified into 3 types, according to the extent of the prolapse. The appropriate surgical intervention was performed for each case.
The results revealed that high incidence of rectal prolapse were recorded in age group 5 – 8 years (50%). The percentage of prolapse was higher in males (60%) than in females (40%). The frequency of prolapse were 56.7%, 30%, 13.3% in Mojaheem, Omani and Magateer breeds, respectively. Prolapse was associated with mating in 16 male camels (53.3%) and with diarrhoea in 14 camels (46.7%). The prolapsed part shape was either rounded, mushroom or cylindrical. The rectal wall was pink red, smooth and soft in recent cases and dark red with blackish areas and necrosis with induration in old cases. Types I , II and III rectal prolapse were recorded in 3 (10%), 22 (73.3%) and 5 cases (16.7%), respectively. Management of rectal prolapse either with reduction or resection of the extruded part was successful. Histopathology of type III prolapse showed degenerative changes and necrotic foci.
Key words: Camels, dromedary, pathology, prolapse, rectum