Camels and Camelids


Journal Edition: August 2022
Article DOI: 10.5958/2277-8934.2022.00026.1
Published On: 13-07-2022 15:47

Sabry M. El-Bahr1,2, M.M. Waheed3,4, I.M. Ghoneim3,4, I.F. Albokhadaim1,A.M.A. Meligy5 and M.G. El Sebaei1,6
1Department of Biomedical Sciences, 3Department of Clinical Sciences, 5Central Diagnostic Lab., College of
Veterinary Medicine, King Faisal University, Al-Ahsa 31982, P.O. 400, Saudi Arabia
2Department of Biochemistry, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Alexandria University, Alexandria 21523, Egypt
4Department of Theriogenology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Giza 12515, Egypt
6Department of Biochemistry and Chemistry of Nutrition, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine,
Mansoura University, Mansoura, 35516, Egypt

This study was aimed to investigate protein profiles and glycosidase activities of bulbourethral and prostate glands secretion in dromedary camels. Sixteen healthy male camels (5-13 years old) were slaughtered and both glands were collected. The obtained secretions of both glands were used for determination of protein profile by 7-20% gel electrophoresis. Activities of β-N-acetylglucosaminidase, α-N-acetylgalactosaminidase and α-L-fucosidase were also determined. The current findings showed 11 (175.7, 129.3, 126.8, 94.9, 77.8, 74.4, 71.1, 53.3, 21.8, 15.9 and 9 kDa) and 15 (124.6, 89.7, 81.1, 75.5, 72.1, 60, 54.4, 48.9, 43.3, 40, 32.5, 24, 17.8, 13.3 and 9 kDa) protein bands in secretion of bulbourethral and prostate gland, respectively. Three (77.8, 53.3 and 9 kDa) and 6 bands (81.1, 75.5, 48.9, 17.8, 13.3 and 9 kDa) showed higher staining intensities in bulbourethral and prostate secretion, respectively. Both secretions shared a band of 9 kDa with higher intensity in bulbourethral secretion. Activities of glycosidase in bulbourethral and prostate secretions were verified and were higher in bulbourethral than in prostate secretion. α-L-fucosidase showed higher activity in glands secretions compared to other enzymes. Conclusively, bulbourethral and prostate secretions may be involved in coagulation processes of dromedary semen due to their contents of secretory proteins and glycosidases.
Key words: Accessory sex glands, bulbourethral, camels, electrophoresis, glycosidases, prostate, proteins