Camels and Camelids

PREVALENCE OF TUBERCULOSIS IN SLAUGHTERED CAMELS (Camelus dromedarius) BASED ON POST-MORTEM MEAT INSPECTION AND ZEIHL-NEELSEN STAIN IN NIGERIA

Journal Edition: June 2012
Article DOI:
Published On: 03-09-2018 19:11

U.B.1 Abubakar, A.C.1 Kudi, I.A.1 Abdulkadri, S.O.2 Okaiyeto and Ibrahim S.1
1Veterinary Surgery and Medicine Department, Faculty Veterinary Medicine Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria
2Veterinary Teaching Hospitals, Ahmadu Bello Universty, Zaria

ABSTRACT

This study aimed at determining the prevalence of tuberculosis, based on post-mortem meat inspection and Zeihl-Neelsen Stain in slaughtered camels. A total of 500 camels, consisting of 188 males and 312 females, slaughtered at Kano (Sahel part of northern Nigeria) abattoir were subjected to detailed meat inspection, out of which 83 were suspected to have lesions that were compatible with tuberculosis, with a prevalence rate of 16.6%. Thirty six were males with a prevalence rate of 19.1% and 47 were females with a prevalence rate of 15.1%. Samples were obtained from suspected gross tuberculous lesions and subjected to acid-fast stain, out of which 9 were positive with a prevalence rate of 10.8%. Three were males with a prevalence rate of 8.3% and 6 were females with a prevalence rate of 12.8%. The chi-square (×2) test of significance based on sex was not statistically significant (P>0.05). This study highlights the importance of meat inspection in camels and its public health implications. Measures for control are also suggested. Hence, more emphasis should be directed at the improvement of meat inspection services in Nigeria since there are no available laboratory facilities for confirmatory diagnosis of tuberculosis in the abattoirs.
Key words: Camel, meat inspection, Zeihl-Neelsen stain