Camels and Camelids


Journal Edition: June 2012
Article DOI:
Published On: 03-09-2018 19:11

O. El-Tookhy1,2, F.A. Al-Sobayil2 and A.F. Ahmed2,3
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Cairo University, Egypt
2College of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Qassim University, Saudi Arabia
3Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Assuit University, Egypt


This study is aimed to document the normal measurements of different ocular components of 24 adult live dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius) using B-mode ultrasonography. Corneal thickness measured was 0.9±0.2 mm at the centre and 1.2±0.03 mm at the periphery. Anterior chamber depth was 2.3±0.1, while vitreous depth was 15.6±0.2 mm. Lens thickness and diameter were 9.6±0.1 mm and 15.8±0.4 mm, respectively. Globe axial length was 29.8±0.3 mm; whereas the sagittal length was 33±0.3 mm. Camel eye was aspherical and appeared to be smaller than that of cattle and horse. Corneal thickness differed significantly with the eye-side, sex and age. Ocular axial and sagittal readings differed significantly with sex and age; however, lens diameter differed with age.
Key words: Biometry, camel, ocular, ultrasound