Camels and Camelids

MANAGEMENT OF THE COMMONLY DIAGNOSED FOOT WOUNDS AND FRACTURES IN ONE-HUMPED CAMEL

Journal Edition: June 2012
Article DOI:
Published On: 03-09-2018 19:11

M.K. Zabady
Department of Clinical Studies, College of Veterinary Medicine & Animal Resources, King Faisal University,
P.O. Box 1757 to 400, Al Hasa, 31982, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

ABSTRACT

Fifty five camels with foot fractures or wounds were reported. Age, sex, breed, limb affected and digit involved were noted. The affected foot was thoroughly examined via inspection and palpation of lateral and medial digits, interdigital space, nails and sole region. Degree of lameness was assessed from the history and during walking. Dorsopalmar/ dorsoplantar and lateromedial radiographs were performed. The appropriate management was carried out for each case.
The results revealed that higher incidence of foot wounds and fractures in females (69.09%) than males (30.91%), in Mojaheem breed (50.91%) than other two breeds, in the fore foot (63.64%) than hind foot (36.36%) and in medial digit (67.65%) than lateral digit (32.35%). The recorded incidence of foot fractures (50.91%) was very close to that of foot wounds (49.09%). Fractures of proximal phalanx were more frequently diagnosed (45.45%) than that of middle phalanx (5.45%). All diagnosed fractures were simple. Comminuted fractures of the proximal phalanx were more frequently diagnosed (60.53%) than single diaphyseal fractures (34.21%). Granulating wounds were the most common wound type (25.45%). External fixation was found efficient for treatment of comminuted and single diaphyseal fractures of the proximal phalanx, while wound debridement, dressing and bandage was convenient for foot wounds.
Key words: Camels, foot, fractures, management, wounds