LUNG LESIONS ON CAMELS (Camelus dromedarius) SLAUGHTERED IN TAMBOUL ABATTOIR, SUDAN: PATHOLOGICAL AND HAEMATOLOGICAL STUDY
Journal Year: 2020
Journal Month: December
Published On: 02-01-2021 11:40:00
Article DOI: 10.5958/2277-8934.2020.00047.8

M.E.I. Hamid1, O.H. Omer2 and E.M. Haroun3
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, West Kordofan University, 2Department of Pathology,
Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Khartoum, P.O. Box 32, Khartoum North, Sudan
3Almughtaribeen University, P.O. Box 7121, Khartoum, Sudan
ABSTRACT


This investigation was carried out in Tamboul Abattoir, Central Sudan, to find out and describe the macroscopic and microscopic lesions in camels slaughtered during a period of three months. All examined camels were subjected to haematological analysis before slaughter. Out of 100 condemned lungs 41% had pneumonia, 19% hydatid cysts, 11% emphysema, 9% congestion, 6% fibrosis, 3% aspirated blood, 3% oedema, 3% adhesions, 3% abscesses, 2% calcification and 1% had necrotic foci. The results of the haematological analysis indicated insignificant changes in the erythrocytic indices of camels with pulmonary lesions compared with those of camels with normal lungs.  However, the total leucocytes counts were significantly higher in the camels that had lung lesions compared with those without lung lesions. Neutrophils and lymphocytes counts were relatively higher in the camels with lung lesions. Pneumonia and hydatidosis were the main causes of condemnation of lungs of camels slaughtered at Tamboul Abattoir.
Key words: Camels, haematology, lungs, pathology


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