The study was aimed to investigate the light and electron microscopic structure of buccal salivary glands in the dromedary (Camelus dromedarius). Anatomically, the dromedary camel buccal glands were well-developed and were located on the lateral side of the cheek. Three parts (groups) of the buccal glands could be observed: dorsal, middle and ventral parts. Histologically, the secretory units were tubule-acinar, surrounded by myo-epithelial cells and supported by connective tissue. Whereas, the dorsal glands were purely mucous and the ventral glands were purely serous in secretion, the middle ones were muco-serous with predominant mucous cells. Ultra-structurally, the glandular cells of the serous secretory units (type I cells) contained numerous microvilli, many electron-dense secretory granules, abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondria. On the other hand, the mucous-secreting cells (type II cells) appeared with numerous electron-translucent supra-nuclear granules and flat basal nuclei; dilated tubules of rough endoplasmic reticulum; fewer mitochondria and Golgi bodies were also observed. The obtained results have been compared with the previous reports on salivary glands of camel and other mammalian species.
Key words: Buccal glands, dromedary camel, histology, microscopy, ultra-structure