S. Qureshi and A.K. Kataria
Department of Veterinary Microbiology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Bikaner (INDIA)
Most of the Gram positive isolates were sensitive to amoxycillin, co-trimoxazole, trimethoprim, gentamicin, streptomycin, chloramphenicol, kanamycin, doxycycline hydrochloride, ciprofloxacin and neomycin. The intermediate zone of inhibition of Gram-positive isolates was recorded with erythromycin. A majority of these organisms were resistant to penicillin, ampicillin, bacitracin, lincomycin, sulphamethizole and sulphadiazine. Most of the Gram negative isolates were sensitive to ampicillin, chloramphenicol, gentamicin, norfloxacin, trimethoprim and ciprofloxacin. An intermediate response to tetracycline and kanamycin was recorded for these isolates and in general were resistant to sulphamethizol and polymyxin B.
It was recorded that the most effective drug for both Gram positive and Gram negative isolates were gentamicin, chloramphenicol, ciprofloxacin and trimethroprim. On the basis of antibiogram results it was deduced that furazolidone, chloramphenicol, gentamicin and cloxacillin can be used to contain the S. aureus infection in wounds and abscesses in camel. Gram positive organisms were resistant to ampicillin whereas this drug was able to inhibit the growth of most of the Gram negative bacteria. Sulphdiazine was found ineffective to most of the Gram positive and all of the Gram negative bacteria.
Key words: Abscesses, antibiogram, bacteria, camel, S.aureus, skin, wounds