Gajendra Singh, Balwant Meshram, Hemant Joshi and Nishant Parmar
Department of Veterinary Anatomy and Histology, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Rajasthan University of
Veterinary and Animal Science, Navania, Vallabhnagar, Udaipur 313601, India
The gross anatomical and morphometrical observations of cervical vertebrae of dromedary camels showed many differential features than other domestic animals. The cervical region of camel was made up of seven typical and atypical irregular bones. Longer neck region contributed 46.73% in respect to whole vertebral column. The foramen transversarium was observed in whole cervicals except C7. The length of neural canal was maximum in C2 and minimum in C7. The height of neural canal was greatest in C1 and C7 and least in C2. The Mid-cervical having similar neural canal length but width increased progressively. The atlas having lowest TCV (8.42%) and TVC (3.93%), while C2 contributed highest in TCV (17.78%) and TVC (8.31%).
Key words: Atlas, axis, cervical vertebrae, dromedary camel, foramen transversarium, morphology, morphometry