Hossein Esmaeili1, Elmira Ghasemi2 and Hamid Ebrahimzadeh3
1Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
3Iran Veterinary Organisation, Tehran, Iran
Rabies is an acute fatal viral encephalitis that is usually transmitted from animals to man following domestic and wild animal bites. Here, we describe an outbreak of camel rabies in Iran for the first time. Eight camels were attacked by rabid wolves and camels showed signs of rabies. Clinical signs were characterised by increased sensitivity, ferocity, biting faces and lips of other camels, bloat, restlessness, limb paralysis and yawning. Histopathological examination and fluorescent antibody technique (FAT) confirmed rabies infection in the camels.
Key words: Camel, rabies, wild life, wolf